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Travel and Tourism after Covid-19

It is increasingly apparent that there will be no easy return to Business as Usual. This crisis more profound. It will not be like this, this time.

Coronavirus: The world in lockdown in maps and charts

Coronavirus pandemic: Tracking the global outbreak

Aljazeera has a useful country by county list of border closures.

These are notes and web links about the impact of Covid-19 on travel and tourism.

Articles on Tourism Industry Recovery Post Covid-19

Covid-19 has thrown Europe's tourism industry into chaos. The losses are already dramatic,  a report from banking group UBS found that tourism revenues fell by 95% in Italy and 77% in Spain in March. Holidaymakers are frustrated and holiday businesses are worried. Below is a list of articles surrounding tourism and travel after Covid-19:

4 May - Coronavirus and entry restrictions: 6 things travellers to Germany need to know
4 May - Tourism reliant Isle of Wight considers how to salvage summer without putting lives at risk
4 May - When can we visit France? Latest advice as entry restrictions are extended until July
4 MayFrance says won’t quarantine EU, Schengen area citizens
4 May- Millions go on holiday as China lifts domestic travel restrictions
4 May - Disinfecting pods and robot cleaners help Hong Kong Airport prepare for return of passengers
4 May - Eurostar makes face masks mandatory, and planes could be next
4 May - Social distancing at airports will not work, Heathrow boss warns
3 May - Tui boss calls on EU states to develop ‘roadmap for travel’
3 May - UK Transport Minister on Quarantine
2 May - Europe’s tourism industry braces for post-COVID-19 ‘new normal’
2 May - Hotels prepare for life after lockdown with thermal cameras and medical checks for guests
2 May - Hong Kong plots return of tourism in May, with Britons expected back by end of 2020
30 April - Greece plans new rules for tourists this summer
29 April - “Health Passport” under consideration for travellers to Greece
29 April - Cyprus prepares post-corona tourism strategy
27 April - New Zealand has 'won battle' against community transmission of Covid-19
27 April - Madrid’s tourism recovery strategy to initially focus on local output
26 April - Edinburgh looks to tourism for post-coronavirus recovery
24 April  All but eight countries have now banned British travellers because of coronavirus

Restricted Operation at Vienna Airport

How long will it go on?

07 May UK Atol licences
24 April - Travel industry should expect no bounce back ‘until next year’
23 April - Merkel warns coronavirus crisis 'still just the beginning'
17 April - UK lockdown extended for 'at least' three weeks, Dominic Raab announces
14 April - European president Ursula von der Leyen told German tabloid newspaper Bild: “At the moment, no one can make reliable forecasts for July and August.  I would advise everyone to wait before making holiday plans.”
14 April - IATA’s Director General and CEO, Alexandre de Juniac, said: “The industry’s outlook grows darker by the day. The scale of the crisis makes a sharp V-shaped recovery unlikely. Realistically, it will be a U-shaped recovery with domestic travel coming back faster than the international market. We could see more than half of passenger revenues disappear. more
13 April  - Rebound: China’s northeastern border with Russia has become a frontline in the fight against a resurgence of the coronavirus epidemic as new daily cases rose to the highest in nearly six weeks – with more than 90 per cent involving people coming from abroad. more
6 April - British Foreign Office advised against all non-essential travel “indefinitely.”

How bad will it get?

29 April - UNWTO 100% of destinations across the world now have travel restrictions in place out of 217 destinations worldwide.

  • 45% have totally or partially closed their borders for tourists.
  • 30% of destinations have suspended all international flights either totally or partially.
  • 18% are banning the entry for visitors from specific countries of origin or passengers who have transited through specific destinations.
  • 7% are applying different measures, such as quarantine or self-isolation for 14 days and visa measures.

24 April - 96% of all worldwide destinations have introduced travel restrictions since January 2020
24 April - WTTC: 100m job losses  Of the 100.8 million jobs at risk, almost 75 million of them are in G20 countries. The punishing impact of the COVID-19 crisis has led to over one million jobs already being lost every day.
15 April - The battle at the heart of British science over coronavirus
14 AprilThe Great Lockdown: Worst Economic Downturn Since the Great Depression

Safety for Tourists 

07 May - The 17 protocols cover all aspects of hotel operations and are based on hotel occupancy of 50% or 60%, unless local guidelines insist on lower ratios.
05 May - Sandals Resorts Addresses Changing Needs Amidst COVID-19
24 April - Airlines to return after coronavirus with ‘new standards’, says Wizz Air chief
24 April - Portugal launches Covid-19 hygiene certification
23 April - Ryanair chief slams in-flight social distancing as ‘idiotic’
17 April - Accor launches Covid-19 cleaning certification
14 April - In Thailand the tourism sector is proposing a Tourism Safety Act
Chamnan Srisawat, president of the Thai Federation of Provincial Tourist Associations, said the format of tourism services will change to smaller groups to comply with social distancing practises as people are looking for preventive measures against possible infection.
14 April - Ailing sector pushing for safety law
13 April - Vinod Zutshi former Secretary of Tourism, India

Recovery will depend on  the extent of ‘safe zones’ and ‘safe destinations’, from a health safety point of view, that emerge after the crisis.

UK Outbound
13 April - YouGov poll shows more than 8 in 10 (84 per cent) of the public believe they face years of economic hardship as a result of the measures.Almost a fifth (19 per cent) have already either lost their job or had to take a cut in pay or hours – predominantly among the younger generation – and a similar proportion say they are worried about their future and even more say they feel increasingly lonely and unhappy.
4 April - "The Foreign Office indefinitely advises against all non-essential global travel.”“The situation is changing rapidly. Travellers could face severe disruption and be unable to return to the UK.“  more
17 March - Britons should avoid all non-essential travel for a month, effectively until April 16

UK Inbound

26 April - Travellers arriving in UK will be told to self-isolate for two weeks


30 April - Protected Trust Services sees spike in enquiries
30 April - Investors told to fund customer refunds
24 April - Abta has defended its guidance on Refund Credit Notes
24 April - Abta on Corona Virus
23 April - Webcast: Trust and reputation in the travel industry


1 May - Tui Group defers 75% of winter hotel payments
28 April - G Adventures' U-turn over furloughed staff
28 April - G Adventures places staff previously made redundant on furlough

Travelling with Health Certificates

26 AprilTurkish Tourism sets rules for visitors

Raising K

24 April - Expedia to raise $3.2bn funding ‘to survive’

Visa Restrictions & Health requirements

24 AprilWHO immunity passports Some governments have suggested that the detection of antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, could serve as the basis for an “immunity passport” or “risk-free certificate” that would enable individuals to travel or to return to work assuming that they are protected against re-infection. There is currently no evidence that people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection. more

11 March - US announced a 30 day ban on travellers from Schengen countries, added UK & Ireland 14 day quarantining on arrival

Coming Out of Lockdown

02 May - Modoc County, California has opened for tourism

Social Distancing

Face masks

15 April - New Jersey, New York and Maryland require  people to wear   masks,  scarves or bandannas where social distancing cannot be complied with 
15 April - Oahu residents required to wear non-medical grade face coverings while in public to further limit the transmission and spread of coronavirus.

Markets - Demand

17 April - Travel firms will have to “coax people back” using creative, inspirational and subtle marketing.

14 April - Ailing sector pushing for safety law
Vichit Prakobgosol, president of Atta. "Most Thai tour agents are accustomed to luring Chinese, but to avoid paralysis during a crisis, it's necessary to think about diversification,"
The domestic market, which should return to travel first, should be the priority target for tour operators

13 April - Vinod Zutshi former Secretary of Tourism, India
Industry must put their immediate focus on domestic tourism, more than inbound or outbound.
There shall be a new ‘protocol’ both for International and domestic travelling, primarily based on health safety of traveller and of the host destination. Countries will revisit and review their Visa policies. The New Visa regime of countries is likely to be guided also by the health safety of the host country. Governments all over the world are likely to put health protocols and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) in place, for industry and for travellers to follow. If India overcomes the COVID-19 crisis relatively more successfully, we shall emerge as a ‘Safer and Healthier’ tourist destination in the world. In times to come, the destination which can brand itself as a ‘health-safe’ destination, will be a preferred destination for travel. Within India also there may emerge ‘safer regions and destinations’. The domestic travellers, as well as inbound travellers, therefore will prefer to visit such safe destinations only in the initial period.

Trade as % of global GDP peaked in 2008 - shift towards regional trade blocks



Councillor McVey said the group had reaffirmed the aims of Edinburgh’s new Tourism Strategy - a 10 year plan which focuses on managing tourism and balancing the needs of local residents, businesses and visitors.


Milan announces ambitious scheme to reduce car use after lockdown


Amsterdam plans to reduce noise starting this year


Sicily will PAY half the price of tourists' flights, a third of their hotel bill and give away free tickets for museums in bid to lure back holidaymakers after lockdown


Ibiza and Majorca could open up for holidays in August - but with Britons told to stay away because the UK 'took too long' to go into lockdown - Daily Mail

Ibiza, Menorca and Majorca coronavirus travel advice: Balearics could open for holidays this summer – but NOT to Brits - The Sun

British ambassador: A period of caution and then tourists will return - Majorca Daily Bulletin

Majorca predicts Brits will return this summer as they are ‘not ending this year’s tourist season yet’ - The Sun

South Africa
23 April
- Ramaphosa’s address to the nation on lockdown easing When the country moves to level 4 on 1 May: Our borders will remain closed to international travel, except for the repatriation of South African nationals and foreign citizens. No travel will be allowed between provinces, except for the transportation of goods and exceptional circumstances such as funerals. Public transport will continue to operate, with limitations on the number of passengers and stringent hygiene requirements, including that all passengers must wear a face mask. The coronavirus is spread by contact between people. If people do not travel, the virus does not travel. Other budget items that may be sacrificed are funds for the tourism sector, because “it doesn’t make sense to keep budget items in a situation where tourism is not taking place”, Mboweni said.

Covid-19 Risk Adjusted Strategy - Level 5

Coronavirus - SA's hotel industry 'decimated' - Fin24

"February was the last of the tourism industry as we know it, and the last time we would have seen anything like 'normal' for a long time," says Bac. She foresees that, even once lockdown restrictions are lifted, it would be a while before people would start taking business trips, let alone leisure trips again. Business travellers usually make up the bulk of central city hotel occupancy."There will be a huge slump around the world and each country will try to rebuild their own tourism industry. We won't see many South Africans travelling out of the country nor foreigners coming here - apart from adventure travellers," she says."Until our borders open and airlines fly again and there is a vaccine, people will rather do things locally in areas which are not crowded but allow them to get out of their homes. Our national parks will be attractive in this way and there might also be an opportunity for smaller towns to market themselves to city dwellers who were cooped up during lockdown."

Time for domestic tourism to shine, industry hopes - Fin24


India Travel and Hospitality: Impact of COVID-19 - E Turbo News
Covid-19: The Goan Tourism Industry - Tandem Research


WalletHub has researched US states Hawaii has the highest share of employment in travel and tourism related industries, it is the state most dependent on tourism.
Please don’t go to Hawaii on a “corona vacation” right now - Vox
How to Control Hawaii’s Coronavirus Epidemic and Bring Back the Economy: The Next Steps - U Hero Hawaii
Is Hawaii Tourism Nearing a Tipping Point? Paradise in big trouble? - Travel Wire News
Waikiki Beach Closed - All Hawaiian Beaches closed - E Turbo News
Ige dictates Crisis Response and 4 Mayors are not happy - Hawaii News
Hawaii Gov Emergency Proclamation for COVID-19 - FMCSA
National Guards and jail instead of flower leis for Hawaiian visitors - E Turbo News
Florida GOP governor facing rebellion as tourism companies stay shut to avoid lawsuits: report - Raw Story


British holidaymakers face a summer-long ban from Balearic Islands over UK’s ‘delayed’ lockdown but Germans, Swedes, and Danes are welcome! - Euro Weekly News
Ibiza and Majorca could open up for holidays in August - but with Britons told to stay away because the UK 'took too long' to go into lockdown - Daily Mail


When passenger planes start flying again, the world of air travel will be very different - BBC News
Polluting European airlines seek €12.8 bn (and counting) in bailouts - Green Peace
Airline Bailout Tracker - Carbon Market Watch
IATA Economics - IATA
Covid-19: Flying with KLM - 'Social distancing' and other measures on board - KLM
Emirates becomes first airline to conduct on-site rapid COVID-19 tests for passengers - Emirates
EasyJet plans for ‘slow return’ to flying - EasyJet
EasyJet weighs up empty middle seats once coronavirus rules ease - EasyJet
American Airlines and United Airlines are creating distance where available by not seating customers in middle seats and allowing seat changes once everyone is on the plane if someone feels like they are uncomfortable.
IATA research estimates a fall of over 50 per cent in passenger revenues - International Airport Review
Coronavirus: Plane-maker Airbus furloughs 3,200 staff - BBC News
Heathrow reducing to two terminals from  Thursday 16th - Heathrow.com
From Monday 6th single runway operations - Heathrow.com
You’re Grounded: The COVID-19 Effect on Global Flight Capacity - Visual Capitalist
The US Treasury Department wants airlines to repay close to a third of the value of payroll assistance received under the Coronavirus Aid, Recovery, and Economic Security (CARES) Act.
Fourteen European governments are in favour of allowing airlines to issue vouchers instead of refunds for cancelled flights, as the EU’s passenger rights charter creaks under the pressure created by the coronavirus outbreak.
The Dutch government will introduce a €7 levy per air passenger in 2021 if the EU does not manage to set up a pan-European tax, as momentum builds behind calls to crack down on aviation’s environmental impact.
A380s Lufthansa has dropped six of its 14 A380s, British Airways has sent six of its 12 of the Airbus aircraft to a facility in France for mothballing.
Air fares could double when lockdown is lifted, making foreign holidays temporarily unaffordable for many British families. The Telegraph understands ticket prices are set to surge because once non-essential foreign travel is once again allowed, aircraft carriers are likely to be barred from fully filling planes. This is in order to ensure passengers keep a safe distance from each other while onboard. Last night an industry source said it is expected that aircraft carriers will be given social distancing guidance, which they will be asked to enforce for passengers.
‘I was wrong to invest in airlines,’ says Warren Buffett - Travel Weekly
Warren Buffett sells all shares in major airlines amid $50bn loss - The Telegraph
Ryanair warns refunds to take up to six months as it axes jobs - BBC News
Coronavirus: UK airlines warn quarantine will 'kill air travel' - BBC News

Deep cleaning of aircraft
Emirates has introduced a 10 minute test for coronavirus allowing passengers travelling to countries that require coronavirus test certificates for entry to gain confirmation before flying.
Wizz Air new standards post covid - Travel Weekly

Cruise Ships
Royal Caribbean reveals numbers seeking refunds
COVID-19 pandemic on Diamond Princess - Wiki
COVID-19 pandemic on cruise ships - Wiki
Coronavirus on the high seas: Why the U.S. can't touch cruise lines - Politico
Cruise lines will have to ‘make significant changes to operations’ - Travel Weekly
Current COVID-19 Cruise Line and Cruise Ship Sailing Cancellations - Cruise Market Watch
Why Lawmakers Are So Uneasy About Giving the Cruise Industry a Bailout - Skift
Carnival Corporation Q1 results - a perfect storm?
Carnival Sells 8 Percent Stake to Saudis After Dire Financial Warning  - Skift
More than 5,500 UK jobs could be at risk as the result of an extended shutdown of the cruise industry due to the coronavirus crisis - Travel Weekly
‘No one comes': the cruise ship crews cast adrift by coronavirus - The Guardian
Royal Caribbean charts mass crew repatriation - Travel Weekly

Domestic Tourism

According to Risto E.J. Penttilä, the CEO of Nordic West Office, the holiday season and the dismantling of restrictions are not compatible. “That would be the moment to start reconstructing the economy, not the time to go on holiday. If the growth gets underway, in principle we should be working,”

Visitor Attractions

Three things visitor attractions should focus on during the Covid-19 pandemic - Cambridge Network


Introducing frontline stays for COVID-19 responders - Airbnb
Sandals Resorts Addresses Changing Needs Amidst COVID-19 - Travel Breaking News
Sandals Resorts Cleanliness and Safety are Priority #1 - E Turbo News

Indian tourism industry seeks immediate 'survival measures': FAITH - Economic Times
Homestay operators approach govt to form welfare fund board - New Indian Express


Bite-sized videos as baits for tourists - The Hindu
Rural and experiential travel hold the key - Facebook (Harold Goodwin)


The Unwanted Visitor - Caribbean Tourism Organisation (Podcast)

Other Resources
2019–20 coronavirus pandemic by country and territory - Wikipedia
Google's COVID-19 Community Mobility Reports - Google


Coronavirus immunity: Can you catch it twice? - BBC News

Meaningful Connections

Creating meaningful connections between tourists and hosts is one of the characteristics of Responsible Tourism, tourism is a major part of the experience economy.  Visit Scotland has had a big success with its Absence Makes the Heart Grow Fonder campaign, described by the Scottish Tourism Alliance  as " a message of support and hope to our friends around the world and assure them that, whilst they can’t visit just now, we will still be here with a warm welcome for them when the time is right." VisitScotland described it as " virtual hug to fans of Scotland, near and far, with a heart-warming film asking them to dream about visiting now, but to travel later." In just five days the film reached 1.6 million people.  Will people turn to virtual tours - there are links to 12 tours of famous museums here.  French Waterways are stimulating wanderlust.


FTT Southern Africa

Longer Reads

Arundhati Roy: ‘The pandemic is a portal’ ‘We can’t go back to normal’: how will coronavirus change the world?
As governments fumbled their coronavirus response, these four got it right. Here's how.
W.H.O., Now Trump’s Scapegoat, Warned About Coronavirus Early and Often
As governments fumbled their coronavirus response, these four got it right. Here's how.

Academic Resources
IPM:  A Framework for Post-COVID 19 Recovery for our Towns and Cities

Resources related to Short Term Response to & Recovery from the COVID-19 Pandemic, with a focus on Travel, Tourism & Hospitality
Resources for Longer Term Transformation and Sustainability from the COVID-19 Pandemic, with a focus on Travel, Tourism & Hospitality

© 2020 The Responsible Tourism Partnership 
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