Overtourism describes destinations where hosts or guests, locals or visitors feel that there are too many visitors and that the quality of life in the area, or the quality of the experience has deteriorated unacceptably. Overtourism is the opposite of Responsible Tourism which is about using tourism to make better places to live in and better places to visit. Often both visitors and guests experience the deterioration concurrently.
Responsible Tourism is about "making better places for people to live in and better places for people to visit." Responsible Tourism requires that operators, hoteliers, governments, local people and tourists take responsibility, take action to make tourism more sustainable. Responsible Tourism was defined in Cape Town in 2002 alongside the World Summit on Sustainable Development. This definition, in the Cape Town Declaration is now widely accepted. Responsible Tourism is what results when we take responsibility as producers or consumers - it is about what we do and what we achieve.
Sustainable Tourism is an aspiration, used only in the abstract sense. Sustainability is the aim, so vague that it cannot be called an objective. It is very often little more than greeenwashing. more